Jelena Bradic (Mathematics, UC San Diego)

Event Date: 

Wednesday, November 8, 2017 - 3:30pm to 4:30pm

Event Date Details: 

Refreshments served at 3:15pm

Event Location: 

  • Sobel Seminar Room; South Hall 5607F
  • Department Seminar Series

Title: Can we do something in high-dimensions without sparsity ?

Abstract : In high-dimensional linear models, the sparsity assumption is typically made, stating that most of the parameters are equal to zero. Under the sparsity assumption, estimation and, recently, inference have been well studied. However, in practice, sparsity assumption is not checkable and more importantly is often violated, with a large number of covariates expected to be associated with the response, indicating that possibly all, rather than just a few, parameters are non-zero. A natural example is a genome-wide gene expression profiling, where all genes are believed to affect a common disease marker. We show that existing inferential methods are sensitive to the sparsity assumption, and may, in turn, result in the severe lack of control of Type-I error. In this talk, we propose a new inferential method, named CorrT, which is robust to model misspecification and adaptive to the sparsity assumption. CorrT is shown to have Type I error approaching the nominal level for \textit{any} models and Type II error approaching zero for sparse and many dense models. In fact, CorrT is also shown to be optimal in a variety of frameworks: sparse, non-sparse and hybrid models where sparse and dense signals are mixed.