CANCELLED: Competitive Equilibria in a Comonotone Market by Fangda Liu (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)

Event Date: 

Monday, January 22, 2018 -
3:30pm to 4:30pm

Event Location: 

  • Sobel Seminar Room
Title: Competitive Equilibria in a Comonotone Market
Abstract: The notion of competitive equilibria has been a crucial consideration in risk sharing problems. A large literature is devoted to analyses of optimal risk sharing based on expected utilities in a complete market. In this work, we investigate the competitive equilibria in a special type of incomplete markets, referred to as a comonotone market, where agents can only trade such that their wealth allocation is comonotonic. The comonotone market is motivated by two seemingly unrelated observations. First, in a complete market, under mild conditions on the preferences, an equilibrium allocation is generally comonotonic. Second, in a standard insurance market, the  allocation of risk among the insured, the insurer and the reinsurers is assumed to be comonotonic a priori to the risk-exchange. Two popular classes of preferences in risk management and behavioural economics, dual utilities (DU) and rank-dependent expected utilities (RDU), are used to formulate agents’ objectives. We focus on establishing a pair of an equilibrium wealth  allocation and an equilibrium pricing measure. For DU-comonotone markets, we find the equilibrium in closed-form. We further propose an algorithm to numerically obtain competitive  equilibria based on discretization, which works for both the DU-comonotone market and the RDU-comonotone market. Results illustrate the intriguing and possibly puzzling fact that the equilibrium pricing kernel may not be counter-comonotone with the aggregate risk, in sharp contrast to the case of a complete market.
Joint work with Tim J. Boonen and Ruodu Wang